Vegan Kimchi

Vegan kimchi that’s as good as the traditional version! It tastes nice and clean!

Vegan kimchi


It’s fall – kimchi making season! Napa cabbages are simply beautiful and sweet this time of year. Let’s make some kimchi!  This time, vegan kimchi that’s as good as the traditional version!

I’ve already shown you how to make traditional kimchi, mak kimchi, and white kimchi. These kimchi recipes include fish sauce (myulchiaekjeot) and salted shrimp (saewujeot), so I’ve been getting a lot of questions about substitutes for these ingredients. Here’s my answer – vegan kimchi!

While salted and fermented seafood condiments (jeotgal) are essential ingredients for most kimchi types, vegan kimchi is not a strange concept in Korea. Buddhist temple food is 100 percent plant based, and kimchi is no exception!

In place of salted and fermented seafood, which is the source of the deep savory taste of kimchi, temple cooks use soup soy sauce (gukganjang, 국간장) or sometimes fermented soybean paste (doenjang, 된장), along with dashima (다시마, dried kelp) or vegetable broth. For natural sweetness, they commonly add fruits and vegetables such as Korean pear, apple, persimmon, pumpkin, etc.  

This vegan kimchi recipe is inspired by temple kimchi, but it’s definitely NOT temple kimchi. There are five forbidden vegetables in temple cooking, and garlic and scallions are two of them. Well, I used them in this recipe.Vegan kimchi

I like the temple idea of pumpkin in fall kimchi. I steamed and pureed it, but you can use canned pumpkin puree if you want. Any deep orange flesh pumpkin works.

One of the common vegetables in traditional fall/winter kimchi is gat, 갓, (mustard green). Its aroma is prominent in kimchi in a nice way. Korean mustard green is not always available around here, so I tried regular mustard green that you can find at some of your local groceries or any Asian markets. It’s pretty close! Consider it optional, but I strongly recommend you use it!

I really liked how this vegan kimchi turned out. It tastes nice and clean! Even if you’re not vegan, I think you will love this kimchi!

Have you tried this kimchi recipe? Please rate the recipe below by either clicking the stars or with a comment! And share your creations by tagging me on Instagram! Stay in touch by following me on PinterestTwitterFacebook, and Instagram.

4.42 from 12 votes
Vegan Kimchi
Prep Time
1 hr
Vegan kimchi that's as good as the traditional version! It tastes nice and clean!
Course: Side Dish
Cuisine: Korean
Keyword: cabbage, kimchi, vegan
Servings: 16
Author: Hyosun
  • 1 large napa cabbage about 5 pounds
  • 1 cup Korean coarse sea salt for making kimchi
  • 5 cups of water
  • 3/4 pound Korean radish mu/moo
  • 3 scallions
  • 3 large mustard green gat leaves - optional
  • 1 tablespoon glutinous rice sweet rice powder (Mix it with 1/2 cup water, simmer over low heat until it thickens to a thin paste and cool. Yields about 3 - 4 tablespoons.)
  • 1/2 cup Korean red chili pepper flakes gochugaru (add a couple more tablespoons if you like)
  • 1/4 Korean pear grated
  • 1/2 cup pumpkin puree
  • 2 tablespoons minced garlic add one more tablespoon if you like
  • 1 teaspoon grated ginger
  • 2 tablespoons soup soy sauce gukganjang, 국간장
  • 2 tablespoons salt
  • 1 cup dashima dried kelp broth (Boil 1 large piece of dashima in 2 cups of water for 10 minutes. You can add one or two dried shiitake if available.)
Kitchen tools
  • a large bowl or pot 7 - 8 quarts
  • a large colander
  • kitchen gloves
  • a 3/4 - 1 gallon airtight container or jar
  1. Cut the stem end of cabbage lengthwise in half only about 3 - 4 inches in. Then, slowly pull apart to separate into two pieces by hand. Do the same for each half to make quarters. Running the knife through all the way would unnecessarily cut off the cabbage leaves.
  2. In a large bowl, dissolve 1/2 cup of salt in 5 cups of water. Thoroughly bathe each cabbage quarter in the saltwater one at a time.
  3. Using the other half cup of salt and starting from the outermost leaf, generously sprinkle salt over the thick white part of each leaf. Try to salt all the cabbage quarters with the 1/2 cup salt, but you can use a little more if needed. Repeat with the rest of the cabbage quarters. Set aside for about 6 - 8 hours, rotating the bottom ones to the top half way through.
  4. Meanwhile, make the glutinous rice paste and the broth and cool. Prepare the other seasoning ingredients. Mix all the seasoning ingredients. Set aside while preparing the other ingredients until the red pepper flakes become pasty.
  5. The cabbages should be ready to be washed when the white parts are bendable with a bit of resistance. Rinse thoroughly 3 times, especially between the white parts.
  6. Drain well, cut side down.
    vegan kimchi
  7. Cut the radish into matchsticks (you can use a mandoline if available). Roughly chop the scallions and the optional mustard green. Transfer to a large bowl.
  8. Combine with the seasoning mix. Mix well by hand. Taste a little bit. It should be a little too salty to eat as is. Let it sit for 30 minutes to an hour to allow the flavors to meld nicely.
  9. Cut off the tough stem part from each cabbage quarter, leaving enough to hold the leaves together. Place one cabbage quarter in the bowl with the radish mix. Spread the radish mix over each leaf, one to two tablespoons for large leaves. Eyeball the stuffing into 4 parts and use one part for each cabbage quarter.
    Vegan kimchi
  10. Fold the leaf part of the cabbage over toward the stem and nicely wrap with the outermost leaf before placing it, cut side up, in a jar or airtight container. Repeat with the remaining cabbages. Once all the cabbages are in the jar or airtight container, press down hard to remove air pockets. Rinse the bowl that contained the radish mix with 1/4 cup of broth and pour over the kimchi.
    vegan kimchi
  11. Leave it out at room temperature for a full day or two, depending on how fast you want your kimchi to ripe. Then, store in the fridge. Although you can start eating it any time, kimchi needs about two weeks in the fridge to fully develop the flavors. It maintains great flavor and texture for several weeks.

Leave a Comment



  1. Yay !! Thank you for making a vegan kimchi recipe. I’ve seen others but it didn’t seem as authentic and were a bit too simple/bland. Please continue making vegan-friendly recipes 🙂

  2. wow, so happy you made a vegan kimchi recipe, i’m gonna try it out as soon as possible. maybe you can do a white vegan kimchi aswell in the future. 😀

    i really love vegan food and always happy when i find a nice subsitution for the regular recipe.

    • Kate – I was happy that I finally got around to do this recipe. Let me know how it turns out for you. I am sure I will do more vegan recipes and will keep white kimchi in mind.

  3. Thank you for posting a vegan-friendly kimchi recipe! I’ve been vegan for years and I always really appreciate it when people veganize their recipes for people like me. <3

  4. Marti Hand says

    Thank you, thank you, thank you for this vegan kimchi recipe. I’ve been vegan for a few years now…will definitely try out your recipe!

  5. Hello,
    I am very excited to try a Vegan Kimchi, and i love the way you explain the ingredients and recipes. but apologies, where is the recipe for the vegan option? what did you substitute the fermented fish with?
    Thank you

  6. Apologies just got the recipe, seems delicious.
    Love your website 🙂
    do you think vegan kimchi have the same benefits?

    thank you

  7. Angela Kahl says

    So I made this recipe, and left it to ferment for a couple of days. It tasted delicious, but nothing like what I’m used to from storebought kimchi. I figured that I did something wrong, and took some of it to my Korean language class. I knew that somewhere in that army of Korean Mums, there had to be someone who knew what I’d done wrong.

    The verdict: I put too much water in it (I thought I might have made too much kelp broth.), and should have fermented it in the fridge rather than my counter (I’d always fermented kimchi on my counter in Illinois.). But other than that, they said that the flavor difference I was concerned about just meant that it was homemade, not storebought.

    Also, my Korean class kind of descended on what I brought. I took no kimchi home. But they loved the idea of sweetening it with pears, and of using kelp. So… this was a huge hit in Changwon’s Korean language class. 😀 And I have vegan kimchi to eat now!!!! YAY!

  8. I made this recipe and substituted the fruit for a 1/4 c pineapple juice and it seemed to work well. The only problem I had is I used Vietnamese pepper flakes and my kimchi is SO hot I cannot eat it! Are Korean pepper flakes milder in comparison? I could not find them at the Vietnamese market I went to. Would it have the same flavor profile if I used half the amount of what you called for for pepper flakes? Or do you have a milder substitute you recommend?

    • Reducing the amount might help, but unfortunately, you will need Korean pepper flakes for kimchi if you want the same flavor profile. Not sure where you live, but have you tried to find it on-line?

  9. I love it so yummy, thanks for sharing vegan kimchi, please continue to share your knowledge.

  10. Caitlyn Yong says


    I would like to ask if the same recipe could be use for Kkakdugi as well? I am thinking of making one batch of kimchi as well as Kkakdugi over the weekend.

    Thank you!

  11. OMG, this is so amazing. I was living in Korea for 2 and half years and back to Europe I miss Kimchi a lot. In the Asian store I can buy just very small packages and they are also very expensive. As I am vegan it is even more hard to find a vegan one. I will definitely try this recipe. Thanks a lot for posting this!

  12. Oh thank you, I loooove vegan kimchi! I always have to be careful with any sort of fish or seafood products (allergies ahoi!), so it’s awesome that I can make kimchi now, without thinking about wether or not I’m going to suffer after eating it. ❤️

  13. Jesse-Gabriel says

    Ich liebe veganes Kimchi, ich könnte es den ganzen Tag essen.
    Dein Blog ist Großartig danke für die ganzen genialen Rezepte.
    Viele Grüße,
    Jesse-Gabriel aus Berlin

  14. Thank you, Thank you for all your Kimchi recipes and the step by step guides. With your help I made my first batch of Kimchi yesterday and it was absolutely amazing.